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Pola Negri, 1926 publicity portrait, photographed by Eugenie Richee

Pola Negri (Barbara Apolonia Chalupiec) was born in December 1896 or January 1897 in Janowa, Poland. Miss Negri had a flair for self-

publicity, so she gave her birthday as December 31, 1899  perhaps to lessen her age, but also to add the drama of being born on the

eve of a new century. After her father was arrested by the Russians and sent to Siberia, she and her mother moved to Warsaw in 1902.

She was to spend her formative years in dire poverty. As a teenager, Pola auditioned for and was admitted to the St. Petersburg

Imperial Ballet. Because of an illness which ended her dancing career, she soon switched to the Warsaw Imperial Academy of Dramatic

Arts and became an actress. She made a spectacular debut in 1913 in the play HANNELE at the Rozmaitosci Theatre. By 17, she was a star

on the stage in Warsaw, but World War I would soon change the theater scene.


Pola turned to films. Her first main role was in the film The Beast, in 1915. She made eight films with director Alexander Hertz in

Poland. Max Reinhardt spotted her during a visit to Warsaw and convinced her to move to Berlin. With her new career in pictures and

her stage success in SUMURU, she went to Berlin and was teamed with her fellow actor, Ernst Lubitsch, who then became her director in

her early European films. The Lubitsch-Negri combination was very successful and the roles that Pola played were of earthy, exotic,

strong women. The films SUMURUN, CARMEN and MADAME DUBARRY established Pola Negri as a box office sensation in Europe. It was no

surprise that Hollywood came calling. One of her films, MADAME DUBARRY (1919), was optioned and retitled as PASSION (1919) for

presentation in America.


The film was such a success that by 1922, Pola and Lubitsch were both given contracts by Paramount Pictures. Negri had in fact made 9

films in Poland and 17 in Germany by the time she joined Paramount, for whom she went on to make 20 movies, all of which were box

office successes. The best known are THE SPANISH DANCER, FORBIDDEN PARADISE, MEN, HOTEL IMPERIAL, BARBED WIRE, and A WOMAN OF THE

WORLD. Negris publicity increased with her reported romances with such stars as Chaplin and Valentino. FORBIDDEN PARADISE (1924),

made with director Lubitsch, and HOTEL IMPERIAL (1927) were two of her most successful films.


But things conspired to end her career in Hollywood. Pola made a spectacle of herself when she threw herself on the late Rudolph

Valentinos coffin at his funeral in 1926. The fans felt that she was acting in public and began to turn away from her. The Hays

Office, which regulated film content, would not allow her to portray the vamp roles that made her famous elsewhere. And finally, the

era of sound pictures ended the career of many silent stars. She returned to Europe after her contract expired to perform in

vaudeville shows and a film in London titled THE WOMAN HE SCORNED. In 1932, she returned to Hollywood and made her first talkie titled

A WOMAN COMMANDS. Pola even sang in the film and her song, Paradise, became an international hit.


Negri then returned to Europe to work at UFA in Germany from 1935 to 1938. Her best-known films from that period are MAZURKA, TANGO

NOTTURNO, MADAME BOVARY and FROM MOSCOW TO SHANGHAI. Pola never appeared in any propaganda films. Resisting mounting pressures from the Nazi propaganda machine, she finally fled from Germany to France where she worked for the Red Cross and then, via Portugal,

returned in 1941 to America, penniless. In New York she was befriended by the heiress Margaret West.


Pola Negri spent the next 46 years of her life living quietly with her friend in Los Angeles and then in San Antonio, Texas. She made only two more films: HI DIDDLE DIDDLE in 1943 and THE MOON-SPINNERS in 1964, with Hayley Mills. Negri became a US citizen in 1951. In 1970, her autobiography, Memoirs of a Star, was published. All in all she had acted in 62 movies. Retiring to San Antonio, Texas, she died on August 1, 1987. She is buried at Calvary Cemetery in Los Angeles. Her star on the Walk of Fame is at 6933 Hollywood Blvd. She

was the 11th Hollywood star in Hollywood history to place her palm and foot imprints in front of Graumans Chinese Theatre.


Miss Negri was married twice; first to Count Dambski and then to Prince Mdvani. Both marriages ended in divorce. Miss Negri always

said that Valentino had been the love of her life.
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